How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an automated world, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to just one number.
This score is created by credit reporting agencies. These agencies use the payment history from all of your loans: credit cards, mortgages, car loans and the like.
The three reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, all of the agencies use the following to calculate a credit score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have, and how much do you owe on them?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of giving you a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The result is one number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers likely find their scores falling above 620.
Not just for qualifying
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your credit score
What can you do to improve your FICO score? Very little in the short term. Since the FICO score is entirely based on a lifetime of credit history, it's difficult to make a significant change in the number with quick fixes. (Of course you must appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
Getting your credit score
Before you can improve your score, you have to get your score and ensure that the reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the company that offered the original FICO score, sells scores on its website: myFICO.com. For a reasonable fee, you can quickly get your FICO from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from all three credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about credit scores? Call us: 9722920448.