Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in an automated world, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to a single number.
The FICO score is compiled by credit agencies. They use the payment history from all of your loans: credit cards, mortgages, car/boat loans etcetera.
The three reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While the formulas vary, all of the agencies use the following to calculate a credit score:
- Your Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Have you paid more than 30 days late?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many credit card accounts do you have, and how much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. The result is a single number: your credit score. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is always better. Typical home buyers will likely find their credit scores falling between 620 and 800.
Your credit score greatly affects your monthly payment
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I raise my credit score?
What can you do to improve your FICO score? Very little in the short term. So called "credit repair" companies advertise quick fixes, but the FICO score is based on your lifetime credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. (Of course you can and should have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
Know your FICO
To improve your score, you've got to have the credit reports that the agencies use to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac, the corporation that offered the original FICO score, sells FICO scores on its website: myFICO.com. For a reasonable fee, you can quickly get your FICO score from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide helpful information and online tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report every year from all three credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about your credit score? Give us a call: (972) 292-0448.