Ratio of Debt to Income

Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to decide the most you can pay monthly after you have paid your other recurring debts.

How to figure the qualifying ratio

Usually, underwriting for conventional mortgages requires a qualifying ratio of 28/36. FHA loans are a little less restrictive, requiring a 29/41 ratio.

The first number in a qualifying ratio is the maximum amount (as a percentage) of gross monthly income that can be spent on housing costs (including loan principal and interest, PMI, hazard insurance, property tax, and HOA dues).

The second number is the maximum percentage of your gross monthly income which can be spent on housing expenses and recurring debt together. Recurring debt includes credit card payments, vehicle loans, child support, and the like.

Examples:

28/36 (Conventional)

  • Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .28 = $1,260 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .36 = $1,620 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio

  • Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .29 = $1,305 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .41 = $1,845 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

If you want to calculate pre-qualification numbers with your own financial data, use this Loan Pre-Qualification Calculator.

Just Guidelines

Remember these are only guidelines. We will be thrilled to pre-qualify you to help you determine how large a mortgage you can afford.

Sublime Financial, LLC can answer questions about these ratios and many others. Call us: 9722920448.

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